Treatment and recovery for self-injury can mean different things to different people. In recent years, there has been a greater focus both academically and clinically on the lived experience of self-injury. Part of this focus has drawn attention to the varied conceptualisations of recovery.

Clinical conceptualisations

According to the proposed diagnostic criteria for non-suicidal self-injury disorder (NSSI-D), an individual may be considered "recovered" after a period of 12 months with no engagement in self-injury.

Lived experience conceptualisations

Not surprisingly, individuals' conceptualisations of NSSI recovery are vast and varied. 

Theoretical conceptualisations

Recent developments in the research field have led to new theoretical conceptualisations of NSSI recovery, including that proposed by Lewis and Hasking (2021).